- 1858 -.1905 (Creation)
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Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Accession Number: A55
Sydenham Renaud Addiscombe Scrap Book
Scrapbook, compiled by Sydenham Renaud (cadet 1858-1860), containing 147 photographs of Addiscombe College (cadets, staff, buildings, etc.); a watercolour plan; notes and memoirs re his time there; and miscellaneous newspaper cuttings re the College, and re military and other subjects.
Item date: 1858 - 1905
Depositor's Name: Smith, F Whitmore, Sir
Accession date: 8/4/1909
Custodial history: Formerly classified at fS70(355)ADD. A note on the album by Francis W Moore is published in The Readers Index, vol 21 (1919), pp103-5. The date (and terms) of acquisition of the volume by Croydon Public Library are in fact debatable. A note on the rear endpaper states `Added to library 8 April 1909. However, a cutting relating to the Duke and Duchess of York has been updated in pencil to record their accessions to the throne in May 1910, and this seems likely to have been done while the book was in private hands. Moore (in 1919) states that the volume `has recently been temporarily deposited in the Reference Library by Sir F Whitmore Smith. There is no further evidence of ownership.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Scrapbook, compiled by Sydenham Renaud. It contains a watercolour plan of the College and surrounding properties (dated June 1859; measures 28.5cm x 22cm; scale c9 in :1mile = 1:7040]; 147 albumen prints, mainly of cadets, staff, College buildings and surrounding area; and cuttings relating to the College. These are accompanied by captions and commentary on the photographs (mainly referring to the images, but sometimes to the photographic techniques) which extend in places to memoirs of the College Life. Non-Addington photographs include : Addington Palace; Beddington House and Church (2 photos), Cadet Alexander (son of General Alexander)s home; Lord Ashburtons Farm; General CA Browne, his house at Secunderabad, Deccan, and memorial to Elizabeth, his wife (3 photos; 1863); cadets at Sandown, Isle of Wight (1859 or 1860); room at University College, Oxford; and 4 copies of paintings or prints. Cuttings towards the end of the volume include cartoons from Punch etc; cuttings on military subjects; portraits of political and military public figures (including William Gladstone and Earl Roberts) articles re the Fens and re Egypt; etc., mainly undated, but some 1885 - 1905.
Photography was included in the Addiscombe curriculum from 1855 (taught by Aaron Penley, professor of civil drawing). The photographs mainly date from 1858-1859, and an early title for the book was `Photographs taken by Cadets of the H.E.I.C.s Military College, Addiscombe. A.D. 1858-59. The photographs appear to have been stuck into the book soon afterwards, with brief captions. The captions were added to and amended over the years, particularly in the period 1891-1905, when the scrapbook assumed its present form. At times they extend into fairly long passages of text. These have been wrapped idiosyncratically around the pictures, or written on interleaved pieces of paper. Renaud comments `the whole thing is go as you please over the patchwork so imperfectly hashed up. The book was used for reminiscing with other old cadets (for example, at a lunch in 1891), and some of the amendments may be the result of these shared memories. A few of the photographs were taken away from Addiscombe, or at a later date. Towards the end, the volume degenerates into a scrapbook for miscellaneous cuttings etc on military and other subjects, dated around 1885-1905. Renaud calls the book `quite a preliminary canter to The Race, in the magnum opus of Colonel H.M. Vibart; a reference to Vibarts history, Addiscombe: its Heroes and Men of Note (1894) (shelved in Local Studies Library at S70(355)VIB).
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Related units of description
The official archives of Addiscombe Military Seminary, including admission registers of cadets, are held among the records of the India Office at the British Library (Asia, Pacific Africa Collections), 96 Euston Road, London, NW1 2DB, reference numbers L/MIL/9/333 - 357. The records are summarised on pp113 - 123 of Anthony Farrington, The Records of the East India College Haileybury and other institutions (HMSO, 1976) which is held by the Local Studies Library at S70 (355) FAR.
Croydon Archives Service holds further non-offical archive materials relating to the Addiscombe Military Seminary at AR29, AR30, AR64, AR65 and AR85.
For a detailed history of the College, see Col. H.M.Vibart, Addiscombe: Its Heroes and Men of Note (1894) held by the Local Studies Library at S70 (355) VIB. This includes a list of cadets.
Subject access points
Place access points
Name access points
- Sydenham Renaud (Creator)