- c1490-c1590 (Creation)
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Extent and medium
Name of creator
The Archbishop of Canterbury was lord of the manor throughout this period. The steward of the manor is named as Christopher Hodgson from 1842 to 1855. The volume bears on the cover the name of Frederick Markby, Bailiff: inside the volume, however, the only bailiff named is James Andrews, who signs the records of court proceedings from 1832 to 1847.
Purchased through Bernard Quaritch (dealer), 1923. The volume was still in the ownership of the Archbishops in 1566 (see note on f87, and other marginal notes), and probably remained there until the sale of the Old Palace in 1646.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Accession Number: A36
Manor of Croydon Terriers
3 terriers of the lands of the Archbishops of Canterbury as Lords of the Manor of Croydon, 1492/3; 1516/17; 1543; with related material and annotations.
Item date: c1490-c1590
Depositor's Name: Quartich, Bernard, manuscripts dealer
Accession date: 1923
Custodial history: The volume was still in the ownership of the Archbishops in 1566 (see note on f87, and other marginal notes), and probably remained there until the sale of the Old Palace in 1646.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Volume containing 3 terriers of the lands of the Archbishops of Canterbury as Lords of the Manor of Croydon, 1492/3; 1516/17; 1543; with related material and annotations.
There is some question about the date of the second terrier ('Warhams). The date is entered as 'ao Henr octavi viii; but there may have been an attempt to alter the 'viii to a 'iii. Both Quaritchs cataloguer and CG Paget believed this, and therefore dated the terrier to 1511-12; but it seems more likely that no alteration was intended, and the terrier is therefore dated here to 1516-17. The 1492-3 terrier (including the c1490 rental) and the 1516-17 terrier are on paper bearing the same watermark, and were presumably entered in the same original book, although they are in two different hands. The 1543 terrier has been bound in with them later, and the various indexes and the series of extracts from court rolls also appear to have been bound in at this later date.
The three terriers are surveys of the lands of the Archbishops of Canterbury in the parish of Croydon. None of the terriers include the town of Croydon, Croydon Park, or Croydon and Norwood Commons; and only that of 1543 includes the manor of Waddon. The name of the tenant, and the acreage, are given for each landholding. In 1492-3 the quit rent payable (a sum of money, in lieu of manorial services) is also given: quit rents are mainly of the order of two or three pence per acre. The arrangement of the 1492-3 terrier follows a rough perambulation around the parish. The 1516-17 terrier is arranged by 'Burrowes (borghs, or tithings), and brings together the holdings of each tenant within each borgh. The 1543 terrier closely follows that of 1492-3, but attempts to bring it up to date (not always successfully).
f1 Terrier 1492 - 3
f26 An elder rental (arranged by tenants names) c.1490
f29 Index to field names in 1492-3 terrier
f30 Index to tenants names in c.1490 rental (2 copies)
f32 Extracts from court rolls, deeds etc (C13; 1467 - 1549)
f36 Terrier (Warhams) 1516-1517
f61 Terrier (Cranmers) 01 Jan 1543
f81 Single folio from later survey (1558 - 1590)
f88 Index o tennants names in 1543 terrier
f90 Summary of acreages held by Nicholas Heron/Herne
The text contains numerous annotationsin later sixteenth century hands, some dated to 1566.
Pages have been numbered in a ?sixteenth century hand, but inconsistently (perhaps on account of rebindings). Folios have been numbered in pencil in a twentieth century hand, and these are the numbers followed here.
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Physical characteristics and technical requirements
The volume is bound in a vellum cover. It has been resewn and repaired, probably soon after its acquisition by Croydon Public Library.
The relevant page from Quaritchs catalogue is stuck into the front of the volume.
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