- 1744 - 1896 (Creation)
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Church Buildings Rates - Under various Acts of Parliament, parishes were authorised to collect rates to pay for new church buildings. From 1828, Croydon collected rates to pay for two new chapels-of-ease, which opened in 1829: they eventually became the churches of All Saints, Upper Norwood, and St James, Croydon Common.\r\n\r\nChurch Rates - An Act of 1760/1 (1 Geo III) authorised the parish of Croydon to collect rates for repairing the parish church. A later Act of 1825 (6 Geo IV) authorised Croydon to collect rates to
defray the expenses of the Churchwardens': these were also known as Church Rates.\r\n\r\nGeneral Purposes Rates - Under an Act of 1829 (10 Geo IV), Croydon was authorised to collect rates forlighting, watching and improving the town of Croydon . . . and for providing lodging for the judges at the Assizes . . . and for other purposes relating thereto'. These rates were sometimes known as
Lighting Rates' until the late 1830s, and afterwards asGeneral Purposes Rates'. Only the town of Croydon (and not the outlying parts of the parish) appears to have been rated.\r\n\r\nHighways Rates - Croydon collected these rates under an Act of 1813/14 (54 Geo III), for the
amendment and preservation of the public highways within England'.\r\n\r\nPoor Rates - Croydon was specifically authorised to collect these under an Act of 1825 (6 Geo IV), forbetter collecting and assessing the Poor and other Parochial rates in the parish of Croydon'.
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